1. Stamp D and Jenkins G. An overview of bile‐acid synthesis, chemistry and function. In Bile Acids: Toxicology and Bioactivity eds. Jenkins G. and Hardie LJ. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2008.

2. Hofmann AF. The continuing importance of bile acids in liver and intestinal disease. Arch. Intern. Med. 1999;159:2647–2658

3. Dufour DR. Liver Disease. In: Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, and Bruns DE eds. Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Inc.2006. p. 1782–1787.

4. Shima, T et al. Serum total bile acis level as a sensitive indicator of hepatic istologycal improvement in chronic hepatitis C patients responding to interferon treatment. J. gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2000;15: 294-299

5. Barnes S et al. Diagnositic value of serum bile acid estimations in liver disease. J Clin Pathol. 1975;28(6):506-9.

6. Skrede S et al. Bile acids measured in serum during fasting as a test for liver disease. Clinical Chemistry.1978;24(7) 1095-1099.

7. Pataia V, Dixon PH and Williamson C. Pregnancy and bile acid disorders. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 2017;313(1): G1–G6

8. Neale G et al. Serum bile acids in liver disease. Gut. 1971; 12, 145-152.

9. Charach G et al. Diminished bile acids excretion is a risk factor for coronary artery disease: 20-year follow up and long-term outcome. Therap. Adv. Gastroenterol. 2017;11, 1-11.

10. Egan N et al. Reference standard for serum bile acids in pregnancy. BJOG 2012;119:493–498.

11. Glantz A, Marschall HU and Mattson LA. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: relationships between bile acid levels and fetal complication rates. Hepatology 2004;40:467–74.

12. Brites D. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: changes in maternal-fetal bile acid balance and improvement by ursodeoxycholic acid. Ann. Hepatol. 2002;1:20–28.

13. Lammert F, Marschall HU, Glantz A, Matern S. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: Molecular pathogenesis, diagnosis and management. J Hepatol 2000;33:1012-21.

14. Ozkan S, Ceylan Y, Ozkan OV, Yildirim S. Review of a challenging clinical issue: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. World J Gastroenterol. 2015;21(23):7134–41.

15. Itching in pregnancy [editorial]. Br Med J 1975;3:608.

16. Greenes V, Williamson C. Intahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. World J Gastroenterol 2009;15:2049-66. Back to cited text no. 8

17. 9. Kondrackiene J, Kupcinskas L. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy-current achievements and unsolved problems. World J Gastroenterol 2008;14:5781-8. Back to cited text no. 9.

18. Pathak B, Sheibani L, Lee RH. Cholestasis of Pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 2010;37:269-82.

19. DiMarino AJ, editor. Sleisenger & Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 8. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co; 2006.

20. Asrani et a., Burden of liver diseases in the world., J Hepatol. 2019 Jan;70(1):151-171.

21. Younossi, Z. M. et al. Global epidemiology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-Meta-analytic assessment of prevalence, incidence, and outcomes. Hepatology 64, 73–84 (2016).

22. Schlesinger, D. P., & Rubin, S. I. (1993). Serum bile acids and the assessment of hepatic function in dogs and cats. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 34(4), 215.

23. Kozat, S., & Sepehrizadeh, E. (2017). Methods of Diagnosing in Liver Diseases for Dog and Cats. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 10(2), 36-46.

24. Zhang GH et al. An enzymatic cycling method for the determination of serum total bile acids with recombinant 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2005;326: 87–92

25. Kim, M. J., & Suh, D. J. (1986). Profiles of serum bile acids in liver diseases. The Korean journal of internal medicine, 1(1), 37.

26. Janßen, H., Testa, G., Malagó, M., Janßen, P., Eigler, F. W., Broelsch, C. E., Erhard, J. (2001). Serum bile acids in liver transplantation - early indicator for acute rejection and monitor for antirejection therapy. Transplant international, 14(6), 429-437.